Human beings are the greatest issue to the survival of all living organisms and now some animals are as endangered species.
Because, some animals are dying frequently so the animals are about to extinct permanently by;
- Hunting Illegally (poaching),
- Destruction of habitats, and
- Because of the effects of climate change is causing a lot of the problems.
So, these are the top 10 animals going to extinct and these beautiful creatures most in need of your help and protection.
Top 10 Animals Going to Extinct
1. North Atlantic right whale
The North Atlantic right whale is scientifically known as Eubalaena glacialis and called by people as ‘Baleen Whale’.
And these Baleen Whales are gentle giants that stay close to coasts and spend a lot of time at the surface skim feeding on zooplankton as all of them are easy target and the whale to hunt.
Because, these whales were almost hunted out by hunters for their meat and oil-rich fat known as ‘blubber’ so, now Baleen Whales are one of the top 10 animals in most endangered list.
Further, there are currently only about 400 of Baleen Whales left and only around 100 breeding females as, they are now protected and hunting is illegal but population recovery is very slow.
Moreover, Female whales do not breed for the first ten years of their life time so after then the female whale will give birth to a single calf ( baby whale) every six to ten years.
But still Baleen Whales are at very in much of risk of extinction by the boat strikes and entanglement in fishing gear.
Also, Vessel traffic creates noise that connects with the whale’s ability to communicate as Whales use sound for some reasons like;
- To find their mates,
- Locate food,
- To avoid predators, and
- Also, to talk to each other as it is an important sense.
Moreover, Pollution is a reason for climate change and it changes the sea temperatures which affect the food availability for organisms, survival and reproductive rates of animals.
2. Asian Elephant
How many of you that even the Asian Elephants are going to exinct in a short period of time because these asian elephants are considered an endangered species since 1986.
As their population has decreased by about 50% over the last 75 years still now so, there are only around 50,000 asian elephants remaining in the wild.
Why Asian Elephants are Engangered?
- Deforestation of trees,
- For increasing human population are destroying the elephants’ habitat, and
- Decreasing the space available for them to live in.
Today, the best opportunity for you to see Asian elephants are at the gathering of natural assembly of up to 300 elephants walking around in Sri Lanka’s Minneriya National Park during the month August to bathe and drink.
Furthermore, It is the only largest congregation of Asian elephants in the world.
The orangutan has been considered critically endangered from 2000 and it is one of the world’s top 10 animals endangered as more than 230,000 orangutans lived in the world but now its decreased around half.
Why Orangutan are Endangered?
- Forest fires,
- Fragmentation (cloning of animals), and
- Removal of tropical forests for palm oil,
- Hunting and illegal pet trade.
So, all these problems critically threaten the survival of orangutan and for more than 104,000 Bornean orangutans are still alive in the wild but there are just 14,000 Sumatran orangutans left alive on the Indonesian island of Sumatra.
4. Javan Rhinos
In the list of top 10 animals going to extinct , the Javan Rhinos is also included as only 67 Javan rhinos are currently remaining in the world.
And Javan Rhinos are one of the large mammal species in the world so, because of their dangerous situation the rhinos are protected in one park in the Indonesian island of Java in the extreme southwestern tip.
India is the best country to see tigers in the wild but you can also see tigers in China, Bangladesh, Sumatra, Siberia and Nepal but today in the list of top 10 animals going to exinct, you should add Tiger too.
Furthermore, now Tigers are protected by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) and it is estimated that there are only 3,500 tigers remaining in the wild worldwide today.
pandas are included in the top 10 animals going to exinct and these animals are native to the mountain forests of southwest China.
Also, you will know that the giant panda is one of the most beloved animals in the world but they are also endangered today.
Why Pandas are Engangered?
- Destruction of habitat – as the human population in China to grows continuously so, pandas’ are pushed into smaller livable areas.
- Leads to food shortages – because Pandas feed on several types of bamboo that bloom at different times of the year so now they have less food if one type of bamboo is destroyed by development then it can leave the pandas hungry during the time and it increases the risk of starvation.
Protection Process for pandas
To solve the issue of pandas, the Chinese government actively worked to restore and protect bamboo habitat and these works have shown positive results but still pandas are endangered.
7. Gharial (Fish-eating crocodile)
Gharials are fish-eating crocodiles from India and these are too in top 10 animals endangered.
And these types of crocodiles spend most of their time in freshwater rivers so unfortunately, Gharial crocodiles are reducing since the 1930s.
And this large crocodilian is now close to extinction as there are only about 100 to 300 left in the wild all because of you human beings.
Why Gharials are Engangered?
- • Loss of Habitat,
- • Increase of Pollution, and
- • Entanglement in fishing nets,
- • Target them for use in traditional medicine.
The vaquita is the smallest and in the top 10 animals endangered marine mammal in the world since 1996 and in 2019, it was found that only around 9 vaquitas were left so this is a biggest threat.
Further, This large fish is in demand because of its swim bladder so they are hunt when they swim to the surface to breathe and conservationists are also working to decrease demand for totoaba to protect this species.
9. Moutain Gorilla
Today, in the top 10 animals of extinction the Mountain Gorilla is included as only around 1,063 mountain gorillas are thought to exist in the wildlife.
And in the future you will not be able to see them living so the intensive conservation made efforts to move these mountain gorillas to safe places but still because of man made issues they are endangered.
10. Wild Snow Leopard
The last among the top 10 animals going to extinct is Wild Snow Leopard with a population of between 4,080 to 6,590.
And they are found only in 12 countries in Central Asia of;
- Russia, and
Further, these species are in danger because of herders who kill snow leopards to prevent them from preying on their farming animals and because of pollution and increase of globalization.
Finally, its you who must protect not only these top 10 animals going to extinct but all animals around to have this world alive in future!